» Guidelines and Procedure
Guidelines and Procedure
Criteria and Guidelines for Establishing Islamic Lunar Calendar
Members of the Crescent Committee have come together to provide a solution for Islamic dates, on a unified platform with efforts to establish uniformity. This solution is such that it complies with the regulations of the sharīʿah and at the same time does not defy logic and obvious reasoning. This position is also such that it is convenient and does not cause undue hardship (ḥaraj), while meeting the Islamic rulings accordance to schools of jurisprudence (fiqh), based on the teachings of the Qurʾān and Prophetic way (sunnah).
Members of the Crescent Committee will adhere to the following guidelines to establish and declare the Islamic lunar dates:
- Date of sighting the crescent must be on the 29th, i.e. the eve of the 30th.
- Sighting reports will be accepted from any country of the world where we are able to obtain reliable information, including Saudi Arabia and the countries in its east and west.
- Decision will be made based on the actual sighting of the first moon (hilāl) with the naked human eye.
- Testimony will be taken from people who claim to have seen the first moon. If the skies are clear in the area where the sighting assumingly was made, then the testimony of ten people will be preferred to declare the new lunar month and decided through the testimony of a minimum of two witnesses. If the sky is cloudy or hazy then the testimony of a minimum of two witnesses will be required to establish the new lunar month.
- Testimony will be taken from an organization whom we have an agreement with, that has declared the sighting of the first moon (hilāl).
- A testimony can be rejected due to external evidence such as the impossibility of sighting the first moon according to astronomical data in the region where the sighting was claimed to have been made.
- Astronomical data will be used for informing the public about the scientifically most possible date of the new lunar month but will be confirmed upon the sighting of the first moon (hilāl) on the 29th, i.e. the eve of the 30th
- As a general rule, if a testimony does not reach the council by midnight (Eastern Time Zone), it will conclude in completing the current lunar month as 30 days. Accommodations will be made for exceptional cases.
- This criteria will be adopted for all Islamic lunar months (including Dhū al-Ḥijjah)
The above has been prepared and agreed by the below mentioned working committee of the ‘Crescent Committee’.
- Imam Dr. Abdullah Hakim Quick
- Imam Ayub Mamun
- Imam Abdul Hai Patel
- Imam Dr. Hamid Slimi
- Imam Sh. Faizanul Haq
- Imam Dr. M. Iqbal Al Nadwi
- Imam Omar Subedar
- Imam Dr. Saeed Faizi
- Shaykh Syed Shah Mohammed Quadri
- Imam Yusuf Badat